Phytopharmacology of Holy basil ( Ocimum tenuiflorum, Ocimum sanctum ) Part 2 Morphology of holy basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum , Ocimum sanctum ) Macroscopic characteristics Synonyms Geniosporum tenuiflorum (L.) Merr. Lumnitzera tenuiflorum (L.) Spreng. Moschosma tenuiflorum (L.) Heynnh. Ocimum anisodorum F. Muell. Ocimum caryophyllinum F. Muell. Ocimum hirsutum . Benth. Ocimum inodorum Burm. f Ocimum monachorum . L. Ocimum sanctum . L. Ocimum scutellariodes Wild. Ex Benth Ocimum subserratum B. Heyne ex Hook f. Ocimum tomentosum Lam. Ocimum villosum Roxb. nom.illeg. Plectranthus monachorum (L.) Spreng  Plant Holy basil ( Ocimum tenuiflorum, Ocimum sanctum ) Tulsi, Holy basil ( Ocimum tenuiflorum, Ocimum sanctum ) is an aromatic perennial plant native to India and wide spread as a cultivated plant throughout the Southeast Asian tropics.
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Phytopharmacology of Tulsi- Basil ( Ocimum tenuiflorum, Ocimum sanctum ) Part 1 Introduction There are many varieties of Basil. Their phytochemistry, properties, culinary uses, medicinal uses etc. are more or less similar. To avoid repetition and confusion I shall describe here Holi Basil AKA Sweet Basil AKA Krishna Tulsi (Shyama Tulsi) AKA Saint Joseph’s Wort. On account of its virtues viz. having many medicinal properties and their applications, insect repellant property, ability to disinfect the ambience and revivify malarious air; Hindus regard Holy Basil as a sacred shrub. As the protecting spirit of the family, it became inseparable from Hindu houses in India. They grow the herb in decorated containers on the windowsills, on the balconies, in the courtyards and on the patios. Since childhood they chant ditties, verses, hymns in admiration of the herb. Sinking in the eternal sleep A Hindu goes to his rest With a Basil leaf on the lip